What is Domain name and How does it work-Beginner’s Guide 2020

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what is domain name
what is Domain name

We are sometimes requested by beginner’s what’s a domain name and the way do domains work? In case you are a newbie, then you might have heard that you simply want a site to make a website.

Nonetheless, many beginners confuse domain name with a website or hosting service. In case you are simply beginning out, then all these completely different phrases could sound too technical.

In this beginner’s guide, we will answer what is a domain name and how domains work. The goal is to help you understand and choose the right domain name for your website.

Here is a quick overview of the topics we will cover in this guide.
  • What is a domain name?
  • How domains work?
  • How is domain name different from website and web hosting?
  • Different types of domain names ?
  • Who is responsible for the domain name system?
  • How to choose a domain name ?
  • How to buy a domain name ?
  • Frequently asked questions about domain names

What is a Domain Name?

Domain name is the address of your web site that people kind within the browser URL bar to go to your web site.

In easy phrases, in case your web site was a home, then your domain name might be its address.

A more detailed explanation:

The Web is a big community of computer systems linked to one another by a world community of cables. Every computer on this community can talk with different computer systems.

To identify them, every computer is assigned an IP address. It’s a collection of numbers that determine a selected computer on the web. A typical IP address seems to be like this:

66.249.66.1

Now an IP address like that is fairly tough to recollect. Think about should you had to make use of such numbers to go to your favorite web sites.

Domain names had been invented to resolve this drawback.

Now if you wish to go to a web site, then you don’t have to enter an extended string of numbers. As a substitute, you’ll be able to go to it by typing a straightforward to recollect domain name in your browser’s adress bar. For example, getallfree.xyz

How Domain Names Actually Work?

To grasp how domains really work, we’ll check out what occurs while you enter it in your browser.

Once you enter a domain name in your net browser, it first sends a request to a world community of servers that type the Domain Name System (DNS).

These servers then lookup for the name servers related to the domain and ahead the request to these title servers.

For example, in case your web site is hosted on HostGator, then its name server info might be like this:

ns1.hostgator.com
ns2.hostgator.com

These name servers are computer systems managed by your internet hosting firm. Your internet hosting firm will ahead your request to the pc the place your web site is saved.

This computer is known as a web server. It has particular software program put in (Apache, Nginx are two popular net server software program). The net server now fetches the net web page and items of knowledge related to it.

Lastly, it then sends this data back to the browser.

How is Domain name Different from a Web site and Web hosting?

A web site is made up of information like HTML pages, web site builder software program, photos, and extra.

If the domain name is the net a of your web site, then hosting is the house the place your web site lives.

That is the precise computer the place your web site’s information are saved. Such computer systems are referred to as servers and they’re supplied as a service by internet hosting corporations.

To create your web site, you want each domain name and hosting.

Nonetheless, it’s necessary to keep in mind that they’re two separate providers, and you should buy them from two totally different corporations.

Now it’s possible you’ll be questioning, how would it not work should you purchased them from two separate corporations?

You simply have to edit your domain name settings and enter the Title Server info supplied by your internet hosting firm. Name Server info defines the place to ship consumer requests to your domain name.

We recommend getting each your domain name and internet hosting from the same company. This lets you simply handle them below the identical account.

For extra particulars, see our information on the distinction between domain name and hosting.

Different Types of Domain Names

Domains can be found in many various extensions. The preferred one is .com. There are numerous different choices like .org, .net, .tv, .info, .io, and extra. Nonetheless we all the time recommend utilizing .com domain extension.

Let’s take a extra detailed have a look at several types of domains out there.

Top Level Domain – TLD

Top level domain or TLD are generic domain extensions which can be listed on the highest degree within the domain name system.

There are a whole bunch of TLDs, however the preferred ones are .com, .org, and .net. Different TLDs are lesser recognized and we don’t recommend utilizing them. For instance, .biz, .club, .info, .agency, and plenty of extra.

Country Code Top Level Domain – ccTLD

Country code top-level domain or ccTLD are country particular domains which finish with country code extension like .uk for the UK, .de for Germany, .in for India.

You can utilize the site easily by extension used on ccTLD.

Sponsored Top Level Domain – sTLD

Sponsored top-level domain or sTLD is a class of TLDs that has a sponsor representing a particular group served by the domain extension.

For instance, .edu for education-related organizations, .gov for the United States authorities, .mil for america navy, and extra.

Who’s Responsible for Domain Name System?

Web Company for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) manages the domains system. It’s a non-profit group that creates and implements the insurance policies for domains.

ICANN offers permission to corporations referred to as Domain Name Registrars for promoting domains. These domain registrars are allowed to make adjustments to domains registry in your behalf.

Domain name registrars can promote domains, handle its information, renewals, and transfers to different registrars.

As a website title proprietor, you might be answerable for telling the registrar the place to ship requests. You might be additionally answerable for renewing your domain registration.

How to Choose a Domain Name for Your Web site?

More than 350 Million registered domains and hundreds extra get registered every day.

Which means all the nice ones are already registered or might be registered very quickly. This places a number of stress on new customers to give you a website thought for his or her web site.

Listed below are some fast suggestions that will help you select a website name to your subsequent web site.

  • Follow a .com domain name as it’s the preferred, simple to recollect, and straightforward promote.
  • Make sure that it’s shorter and straightforward to recollect
  • Make it simple to pronounce and spell
  • Don’t use numbers or hyphens
  • Use domain name generators to give you intelligent domain name concepts

How to Purchase a Domain Name?

You should buy domains from one of many many domain name registrars. A website name usually prices 14.99 per 12 months. Some popular domain name corporations are:


Nonetheless, shopping for domain doesn’t mechanically provide you with internet hosting service. For that, you have to a web site internet hosting account as nicely.

Many WordPress hosting corporations supply area registration providers as nicely. This lets you handle each providers below one account, and also you additionally don’t want to fret about altering title server settings to your domain.

We recommend utilizing HostGator. They’re providing GET all FREE customers a free domain name and 60% discount on hosting. Mainly you may get began for $2.75/month.

Frequently Asked Questions About Domain Names

Over the years we’ve helped the beginners to start their first web sites. We’ve heard nearly each possible query about domains that you can imagine.

Following are the solutions to a few of the mostly requested questions on domains.

#1. What’s a subdomain?

A subdomain is principally a toddler area below the primary domain address. For instance, blog.getallfree.xyz is a subdomain of getallfree.xyz

When you register a website, you may have the permission to create subdomains for it by your self.

Subdomains are generally utilize by web sites to create child-sites below the same domain address. For instance, a enterprise web site can create a subdomain for his or her weblog or their on-line retailer as retailer.instance.com or weblog.instance.com

#2. Can I cancel my registration of a domain name?

Some domain registrars let you cancel your domain registration at any time. Should you cancel your registration, it is going to develop into out there for others to register.

Other domain name registrars let you merely let your domain registration expire.

Generally, you’ll not get any refund for the domain registration. Nonetheless, some domain registrars do have refund insurance policies which you’ll wish to talk about with them earlier than canceling your registration.

Should you don’t have the auto-renew function turned on, then your domain address will merely expire after the registration interval you may have paid for.

#3. Can I transfer my web site to a distinct domain name?

Sure, you’ll be able to. You may level your domain address to your hosting server. You may as well hold each domains pointing to the identical web site.

Nonetheless, engines like google take into account it duplicate content and that can have an effect on your search rankings.

We’ve a step-by-step information on the right way to correctly transfer a web site to new one and setup redirects, so that you don’t damage your web optimization.

#4. Can I promote a domain name?

Sure, you’ll be able to promote your domain name. Domains are like actual property for net. There’s a large demand for good brandable custom domains.

Buying and selling domains is a multi-million greenback business. Since domains are so low-cost, sensible entrepreneurs are all the time searching for nice area title concepts to get their arms personal.

If you wish to promote your domain name, then there are a lot of market web sites like Sedo, GoDaddy, and others the place you’ll be able to record your domain on the market.

In style registrars like Domain.com additionally allow you to purchase premium domains proper from their area search function.

Associated: See the finest GoDaddy alternate options for getting domains.

#5. What’s area privacy? Do I would like it?

ICANN requires individuals registering domains to offer an e mail, bodily address, telephone quantity, and different private info to be made out there publicly.

Domain Privacy is a separate add-on service get by domain registrars. It permits you to present proxy info as a substitute of your precise private information.

You don’t want to purchase domain privacy if you don’t need. if you’re in privacy, then you should buy this service for a small price.

#6. Can I purchase a couple of domain name?

Sure, you should buy as many domains as you want.

#7. Where can I learn more about making web sites?

Proper right here. GET all FREE is the rapidly growing WordPress useful resource website for learners. We’ve tutorials, step-by-step guides, and videos created specifically for beginner customers.

Listed below are a few of the useful sources you’ll discover on GET all FREE (All of them are completely free).

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